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The United Kingdom (UK)


London, the capital. From the history of London. Tower of London. Princess Diana. St Paul’s Cathedral. Westminster Abbey.


London is the capital of the United Kingdom. It is one of the largest cities in the world. More than 7 million people live in Greater London.
London was first built on two low hills on the banks of the Thames. After the Romans left Britain in the 5th century, Lon-
don was an important place. It has always been a great trading centre. In the 11th century William the Conquerer made London his capital. The Great Fire of London in 1666 destroyed many wooden houses and dirty streets. Gradually London began to grow. The villages around it grew. They became towns. The towns grew into a large area of houses, shops and factories which now form Greater London.
The oldest part of London is the City. It is the business cent-
re of London. During the day it is full of people, but ay the end of the day they go home and the City becomes silent and almost empty.
By the Thames is the Tower of London, one of the oldest and most famous buildings in Britain. It has been used as a ro-
yal palace, a fortress and a prison. Now it is open for visitors. It is an old tradition to keep ravens in the Tower. Charles II said in 1631 that if the ravens ever left the Tower, it would mean the end of England. A special guard is kept to give them food and look after them.

The Houses of Parliament are in the part of London called the City of Westminster. They stand on the north side of the Thames. Here you can listen to the chimes of Big Ben, one of the biggest clocks in the world.
If you stand beside the Houses of Parliament you can look down the street called Whitehall. Here are the main government offices. Near Whitehall is a narrow street called Downing Stre-
et. The Prime Minister lives at No. 10 Downing Street. The Queen lives in Buckingham Palace; but there are other royal palaces in London too.
The architecture of London streets is a mixture of old and new. The buildings are of different heights and styles. On the roofs you will see a lot of chimney pots. The view of the great historic buildings is most beautiful if it is seen from a bridge. There are fifteen bridges over the River Thames. ...

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Tinklalapyje paskelbta2005-09-11
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Švietimo institucijaKauno Jono Jablonskio gimnazija
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