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Vilnius (10)


Darbas anglų kalba. Vilnius. Legend of the Iron Wolf.


Nestled among picturesque wooded hills, at the confluence of the Neris and Vilnia rivers in southeastern Lithuania, lies Vilnius, Capital of Lithuania.
Although Gediminas, king of Lithuania (1316-1341), is credited with the founding of the city in 1323 – and there are several colorful legends associated with this event – archaeological excavations show without doubt that the area was settled as early
as the 5th century A.D., and perhaps even earlier.
It is believed that by the 10th – 12th centuries Vilnius had already developed into a city of appreciable size, engaging in commercial ties with neighboring and more distant countries of central and eastern Europe. Located in that part of Lithuania, which from the earliest time had a relatively dense population, Vilnius may have been the capital as early as the reign of King Mindaugas (1236 - 1263), who first unified the Lithuanian Nation and is regarded as the true founder of the Lithuanian State.
In a letter written January 25, 1323, addressed to the inhabitants of Lubeck, Bremen, Magdeburg, Cologne and other cities – including Rome itself – Gediminas refers to Vilnius as his capital city for the firs time. Because of this, and based on historical rather than archaeological records, most historians consider this date to be the founding of Vilnius. During the reign of Gediminas Vilnius emerged as the center of Lithuanian activities, playing the most important role in the development of Lithuanian history. Since that time on, rule over the Lithuanian State was closely associated with rule over Vilnius. The ruler, who had control of the capital city, was accepted as the ruler of the entire country.
Foreign merchants, artisans, craftsmen and members of various religious orders and ethnic groups – Germans, Russians, Poles, Jews – began settling in Vilnius as early as the beginning of the 14th century, many at the invitation of Gediminas wanted not only to establish ties with the rest of Europe, but to rise the cultural, economy, social and political conditions of his nation as well.
During the second half of the 14th century the growth of Vilnius was obstructed by the attacks of the Knights of the Teutonic Order from Prussia. From 1365 to 1394 Vilnius endured six assaults, with considerable damage done to its environs and the city itself. With the increase in Lithuanian military and political power and the decline of the Teutonic Order, no further attacks on Vilnius occurred until the Russian and Cossack invasion of 1655. ...

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Tinklalapyje paskelbta2007-05-02
DalykasAnglų kalbos referatas
KategorijaAnglų kalba
Apimtis5 puslapiai 
Literatūros šaltiniai0
KalbaAnglų kalba
Dydis15.9 KB
Viso autoriaus darbų4 darbai
Metai2006 m
Švietimo institucijaVilniaus "Minties" gimnazija
Failo pavadinimasMicrosoft Word Vilnius (10) [speros.lt].doc

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  • Referatai
  • 5 puslapiai 
  • Vilniaus "Minties" gimnazija / 10 Klasė/kursas
  • 2006 m
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