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Semantic functions of English postverbs

  
 
 
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Darbas anglų kalba. Semantinės angliškų frazeologinių veiksmažodžių funkcijos. Introduction. Linguistic Status of English Phrasal Verbs. Phrasal Verbs as Derivational Units. Functions of English Postverbs in the Plane of the Regular Change of Meaning. Postverbs’ Functions in the Plane of Aspectuality. Terminativeness/Durativeness. Modes of Action. Postverbs’ Functions in the Plane of the Changing of the Lexical Meaning of the Verb. Idiomatic Phrasal Verbs. Conclusions. Bibliography. Dictionaries.

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The object of this work is English postverbs and their semantic functions in the plane of the regular and irregular change of the lexical meaning of the verb.
In this paper the second element of the structures, labelled as "phrasal verbs" in the English language, such as: blow up, dress out, cry out, is considered as the postverb, which acts as a derivational mean and is different form the homonymous prepositions and adverbs.
It is expedient to say, that phrasal verbs are part of a large group of verbs called "multi-word verbs". Phrasal verbs and other multi-word verbs are an important part of the English language. Multi-word verbs, including phrasal verbs, are very common, especially in spoken English. A multi-word verb is a verb like pick up, turn up, or get on with. For convenience, many people refer to all multi-word verbs as phrasal verbs. These verbs consist of a basic verb + another word or words. The other word(s) can be prepositions and/or adverbs. The two or three words that make up multi-word verbs form a short "phrase" – which is why these verbs are often all called "phrasal verbs".
The postverb makes one semantic whole with the verb, often changing both lexical meaning of the verb and the aspectual characteristics of the lexical meaning of the derivatives.
Aspectual classes are a classification of verbs with respect to their aspectual properties, dating back to an Aristotelian classification of situations. The most popular aspectual classes are those proposed in Vendler (1967): States, Activities (unbounded processes), Accomplishments (bounded processes), and Activities (unbounded processes):
She is in danger. He loves potatoes. Socrates is mortal (States);
She drove him safely. John walked miles and miles (Activities);
She ate a sandwich. John walked home. (Accomplishments);
He won the race. She reached the top. (Achievements).
Linguistically, the classification is often used for the analysis of aspect. However, H. J. Verkuyl argues that aspectual classes have no explanatory function in the analysis of aspect. For him, the opposition between States and Activities on the one hand and Accomplishments and Achievement on the other hand is considered central. Also known as the contrast between durative/atelic aspect versus terminative/telic aspect.
Derivation of verbs by the addition of postverbs is a specific feature of the English language. In other Indo-European languages there exist no postverbs acting as derivational means, except Swedish, which has postfixes treated equivalent to the English postverbs, e.g.: slita ut – wear out, dricka upp – drink up.
According to I. Klijunaite (2000:37), derivation of verbs with the postverb ‘"has a number of common features with other ways of verbal derivation, especially with prefixation: according to their function English postverbs are identical to Indoeuropean prefixes, e.g. go out – Russ. выйти, Lith. išeiti, Germ. zufrieren, Laten congelare.
The purpose of the research is to investigate the variety of functions of English postverbs on the plane of the semantic level. We will focus on the analysis of verbs with postverbs form the point of view of the change of lexical meaning of verbs in connection with terminativeness/durativeness and modes of action. Further more, we will deal with the idiomatizaion of Vpv-s’ lexical meaning.
Material, used in this work, is data collected from dictionaries, different grammar books and Internet. Verbs, used as examples gave been selected from Oxford Dictionary of Current Idiomatic English (1975), Longman dictionary of Phrasal Verbs (1986), Webster’s New Universal Unabridged Dictionary (1983), Virtual Oxford Paperback Dictionary and Thesaurus and Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary, 10th Edition.
As regards the structure of the work, it consists of four major parts. The first part concerns the theoretical background of linguistic status of verbs with postverbs. It deals with the linguistic status of the postverb, in connection with derivation of English verb. In the second part the derivational aspect of English postverbs is presented. The third part examines the functions of English postverbs in the plane of the regular change of meaning. This section is subdivided into postverbs’ functions in the plane of aspectiality (terminativeness/durativeness and modes of action) and the changing of the lexical meaning of the verb. The final part deals with the irregular change of meaning - idiomatization. The propositions of the research will be summarized in the conclusions. ...

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Tinklalapyje paskelbta2008-05-14
DalykasAnglų kalbos kursinis darbas
KategorijaAnglų kalba
TipasKursiniai darbai
Apimtis18 puslapių 
Literatūros šaltiniai19 (šaltiniai yra cituojami)
KalbaAnglų kalba
Dydis31.25 KB
AutoriusJolita
Viso autoriaus darbų1 darbas
Metai2006 m
Klasė/kursas3
Mokytojas/DėstytojasI. Klijūnaitė
Švietimo institucijaŠiaulių Universitetas
FakultetasHumanitarinis fakultetas
Failo pavadinimasMicrosoft Word Semantic functions of English postverbs [speros.lt].doc
 

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  • Kursiniai darbai
  • 18 puslapių 
  • Šiaulių Universitetas / 3 Klasė/kursas
  • I. Klijūnaitė
  • 2006 m
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